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Panchakarma Therapies

Abhyang

Abhyang

Application of the oil to the skin followed by massage in specific direction is well known by the name abhyang in Ayurveda. Along with non sexual pleasure sensation, this abhyang has a multitude of beneficial effects. Massage in specific direction improves the blood circulation, facilitates removal of toxins from the tissue, relieves physical and mental fatigue, betters the functioning of the musculo-skeletal system, clears stiffness and heaviness in the body and leads to feeling of lightness. It assists development of healthy body, helps in improvement of body figure recuperates the body tissue and reduces body weight as well as fat. Added to this in a plethora of disease abhyang has curative effect by pharmacological actions of the drugs used in the processing of the oil. Considering these advantageous effect of this special maneuver, in the promotion and maintenance of the health in the healthy as well as cure of illness in diseased, this procedure of touch has gained ample importance in the clinical practice.

Netratarpan

Netratarpan

Unique procedure of application of the sneha to the eyes is called as netratarpan or akshitarpana. This procedure is useful both in healthy as well as diseased persons. In healthy persons netratarpana is carried out to protect the eye from degeneration due to ageing process and to improve the eye sight. For the purpose of therapeutic effects this procedure is advocated in client suffering from the disease of the eye. The netratarpan gives desired result in client suffering from the disease of the eyes such as darkness in front of the eyes, stiffness of the eyes, dryness of the eyes, injury to the eyes, squint, falling of eyelashes, blurring of vision, difficulty in opening and closing eyes, conjunctivitis, painful eyes, swollen eyes, watering of the eyes, cranial nerve disorders etc.

Murdha Tail

Murdha Tail

Murdha tail refers to applying the oil to the head. Oil may be selected according to the prakriti of the client. In diseased person the oil processed with specific drugs is preferred to cure the illness. Depending upon the degree of snehana effect as well as method of application of oil murdha tail is dividing into four types i.e. Shiro-abhyang, Shiro-pichu, Shiro-dhara, Shiro-basti.

Shiroabhyanga

Shiroabhyanga

Smearing the oil over head followed by massage by specific maneuvers refers to shiroabhyanga. This is most ideal for routine practice especially in healthy persons. Mere smearing the oil with no following massage, smearing the oil followed by simple massage and smearing the oil followed by placing specific strokes on the head, all these three methods are known as shiroabhyanga. One can get that all the beneficial effect of murdha tail by this shiroabhyanga procedure. If the client is suffering from the painful lesions of the scalp, or other dermatological conditions like ulcerations inflammation then simple massage or massage with specific stroke cannot be performed for evident reasons. Shiroabhyanga is generally used for the hair fall, dandruff, cranial nerve disorders, premature graying.

Shirodhara

Shirodhara

Continous pouring of decoction, oil, takra, and other liquids on the forehead and allowing it to flow over the scalp, using a special instrument dhara yantra is known as shirodhara. This may used for promotion or restoration of health and also termed as shiroparishek by the ayurvedic physicians. This pouring of oil is not followed by any massage. Shirodhara is specially indicated in mental stress, hypertension, dermatological conditions like psoriasis, pediculosis, headache, anxiety psychological illness, insomnia, mental exhaustion.

Shiropichu

Shiro Pichu

A procedure in which cotton swab soaked in oil is placed on the vertex for certain period. As this process does not involve massage, it can be confidently performed in painful condition or ulcerations of the scalp also. The beneficial effects of shiropichu are in hairfall, splitting of hairs; burning sensation in the scalp, stiffness of the eyes etc.

Shirobasti

Shirobasti

The oil poured on to the head is allowed to remain there for certain period and this procedure of murdha tail is called as shirobasti. This procedure is found to be effective in combating disease like numbness of the head, insomnia, headache, psychological disorders etc.

Karnapurna

Karnapurna

The procedure of dropping of the medicated oil into the ears is known as karnapurna. Ear is categorized as a local route of drug administration and the drug is absorbed locally through the mucus membrane of the auditory canal. Different diseases related to the ear, head, and cervical spine may be effectively treated by the karnapurna. Most common of them are diseases of vitiated vata dosha in the ears, cures stiffness of the sides of the neck, relives stiffness of the mandible, effective in painful mandible, relives headache due to different causes, gives spontaneous relief in earache, deafness etc.

Udvartana

Udvartana

The simple procedure of massaging the whole body below the neck with oil or powder of the herbs in a direction opposite to the orientation of hair in the body is called udvartana. Sharir parimarjana is another name for this procedure. Here the direction of massaging is quite opposite to the one carried out in abhyanga. Udavrtana opens the circulatory channels, facilitates the metabolic activity and improves the complexion of the skin. This procedure is beneficial in alleviation of viatiation of kapha dosha, reduces excess of fat in the body, increases the stability of the extremities, promotes the excellence of skin, improves the body complexion, corrects the imbalance of the vata dosha, leads to a sense of light in the body, prevents untimely drowsing, cures itching sensation.

Gandusha

Gandusha

Procedure of holding oil or decoction in the buccal cavity for certain period is known as gandusha. Ayurvedic principles of pharmacokinetics state that, by virtue of rasa, the drugs can exhibit their local effect within the buccal cavity. Coating in the mouth by the sweet taste, excessive salivation by the sour taste, increased taste perception by salt, irritation in the mouth by the hot substances, clarity of the mouth by the bitter taste, and stiffness of the tongue by the astringent taste all are the examples of the local effect of the drug in the mouth, Secondly the drugs having inherent qualities like vyavayi and vikasi gets absorbed from the mouth, then gets distributed in the whole body. Therefore herbs used in the form of gandusha can show some systemic pharmacological actions. This principle is best utilized in the formulations of gandusha therapy.

Kavala

Kavala

Procedure of holding the oil or decoction in the buccal cavity followed by the gargling for a certain period is known as kavala. This therapy is somewhat similar to gandusha.

Lepa

Lepa

Mere smearing of the medicated oil to a body part is known as lepa. Applying the paste of medicinal plant added with oil is also considered as lepa. After application, the oil is kept in the body for certain period and then washed off. Here any form of manipulation or massage does not follow application of the oil.

Dhoompana

Dhoomapana

Smoking for the therapeutic purpose using a specially designed instrument or pipe is known by the name dhoompana. Using a special instrument the herbal powder are burnt and the smoke emitted is inhaled. The accumulation of the kapha dosha in the head as well as respiratory system is best cleared by this system.

Mukhalepa

Mukhalepa

The topical application of the herbal paste to the face and keeping it undistributed for the certain period is known as Mukhlepa. This therapy is used to clear the morbidity of dosha or any toxic substances in the facial skin, as well as to improve the color and complexion of the skin.

Parishek

Parishek

Pouring of the medicated liquids or oils on a diseased part or the whole body below the neck is called by the name parisheka

Pizichil

Pizhichil

Induction of perspiration by the unique procedure of pouring warm medicated oil on the body is knowns as pizichil or parishek sweda. Depending on the requirement this procedure may be performed to a portion of the body or whole body. Instead of the oil, warm herbal decoction, medicated ghee, milk or such other liquids may be used for applying heat to the body.

Nadi Swedana

Nadi Swedana

It is unique form of the swedana procedure, where perspiration is induced by passing steam over the body parts by using the special instrument. This special instrument is known as nadi swedana yantra. Herbs added with water to boil in this instrument to generate the steam. Thus generated steam is made to fall on the body part, which is to be subjected for the sudation.

Upnaha Swedana

Upnaha Swedana

The procedure of applying warm herbal paste to the desired parts of the body followed by bandaging is referred by the name Upanaha Swedana.

Kati Basti

Kati Basti

The procedure of applying heat to the sacral or lumbar region by retaining warm medicated oil within a specilly fprmed frame on this area is popularly by the name kati basti.

Pinda Swedana

Pinda Swedana

Application of the heat that there by inducing perspiration by using the heated pack of specific herbal leaves or powder or rice or any cooked medicine or salt etc is known as panda swedana. This procedure may done any part of the body. The apck of medicine is known as pottali and the name of pottali swedana will be different as according to the type of medicine eg. Patrapinda sweda, shastikashali panda sweda etc.