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About Ayurveda

Introduction


Ayurveda is one of the world’s oldest medicine system originated from our country several thousand years ago. The term Ayurveda combines two Sanskrit words–ayur, which means life, and veda, which means science or knowledge. Ayurveda means "the science of life." The aim of Ayurveda is to integrate and balance the body, mind, and spirit.

This will help to –

  • Prevent illness
  • Cure Diseases
  • Promote health

Basic Principles


Life in Ayurveda is conceived as the union of body, senses, mind and soul. The living man is a conglomeration of three elements/humour (Vata, Pitta & Kapha), seven basic tissues (Rasa, Rakta, Mansa, Meda, Asthi, Majja & Shukra) and the waste products of the body such as faeces, urine and sweat. Thus the total body matrix comprises of the elements, the tissues and the waste products of the body. The growth and decay of this body matrix and its constituents revolve around food which gets processed into elements, tissues and wastes. Ingestion, digestion, absorption, assimilation and metabolism of food have interplay in health and disease which are significantly affected by psychological mechanisms as well as by bio-fire (Agni).

Health or sickness depends on the presence or absence of a balanced state of the total body matrix including the balance between its different constituents. Both the intrinsic and extrinsic factors can cause disturbance in the natural equilibrium giving rise to disease. This loss of equilibrium can happen by dietary indiscrimination, undesirable habits and non-observance of rules of healthy living. Seasonal abnormalities, improper exercise or erratic application of sense organs and incompatible actions of the body and mind can also result in creating disturbance of the existing normal balance. The treatment consists of restoring the balance of disturbed body-mind matrix through regulating diet, correcting life-routine and behaviour, administration of drugs and resorting to preventive Panchkarma and Rasayana therapy.

Diagnosis


In Ayuveda diagnosis is always done of the patient as a whole. The physician takes a careful note of the patient’s internal physiological characteristics and mental disposition. He also studies such other factors as the affected bodily tissues, humours, the site at which the disease is located, patient’s resistance and vitality, his daily routine, dietary habits, the gravity of clinical conditions, condition of digestion and details of personal, social, economic and environmental situation of the patient. The diagnosis also involves the following examinations:

  • General physical examination
  • Pulse examination
  • Urine examination
  • Examination of the faeces
  • Examination of tongue and eyes
  • Examination of skin and ear including tactile and auditory functions.

Ayurvedic Medicine


Ayurveda operates on the precept that various materials of vegetable, animal and mineral origin have some medicinal value. The medicinal properties of these materials have been documented by the practitioners and have been used for centuries to cure illness and/or help maintain good health. Ayurvedic medicaments are made from herbs or mixtures of herbs, either alone or in combination with minerals, metals and other ingredients of animal origin. The metals, animals and minerals are purified by individual processes before being used for medicinal purposes. Some of these products may be harmful when used on their own or when used after improper method of preparations.

Treatment


Treatment of the disease consists in avoiding causative factors responsible for disequilibrium of the body matrix or of any of its constituent parts through the use of Panchkarma procedures, medicines, suitable diet, activity and regimen for restoring the balance and strengthening the body mechanisms to prevent or minimize future occurrence of the disease.

Types of Treatment


The treatment of disease can broadly be classified as:

  • Shodhana therapy (Purification Treatment)
  • Shamana therapy (Palliative Treatment)
  • Pathya Vyavastha (Prescription of diet and activity)
  • Nidan Parivarjan (Avoidance of disease causing and aggravating factors)
  • Satvavajaya (Psychotherapy)
  • Rasayana therapy (use of immunomodulators and rejuvenation medicines)

Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment


In Ayurveda, regulation of diet as therapy has great importance. This is because it considers human body as the product of food. An individual’s mental and spiritual development as well as his temperament is influenced by the quality of food consumed by him. Food in human body is transformed first into chyle or Rasa and then successive processes involve its conversion into blood, muscle, fat, bone, bone-marrow, reproductive elements and ojas. Thus, food is basic to all the metabolic transformations and life activities. Lack of nutrients in food or improper transformation of food will lead to a variety of disease conditions.

Ayurveda Education


In India, Ayurveda education is provided by the esteemed institutions after granting permission of Deptt of Ayush, Ministry of health and family welfare, Govt of India and Central council of Indian medicine. The degrees provided by the Ayurvedic education are as follows:

  • B.A.M.S. (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)- Five and half year course.
  • M.D./ M.S.( Doctor of Medicine )- Three year course.
  • Ph.D.( Doctor of Philosophy)
Note:- M.D./M.S., Ph.D. degree given in different specialties like allopathy e.g. Internal medicine – Kayachikitsa, Paediatrics – Kaumarabhritya Tantra.

Ayurveda Practice


Previously, Ayurveda was practicized by the Vaidya by their scientific skills obtained by the meditations and the yoga practice. Old vaidya were bringing the medicines pure and fresh from their origin or locally for the treatment. But with the time, things changes and goes worst. In medieval period there are lots of Ayurvedic formulatories become extinct because of many reasons.

Presently, peoples are trying to get the same extinct knowledge. Peoples in different areas are working in different styles e.g. Keralian and North Indian style. But the basic theories are same.

Why the Ayurveda


In Present era, there are numerous medical sciences which cater their services to the human illness. But no one science is the complete except Ayurveda and one has to avoid incomplete medical science. To look for cure and consider the avoidance of hazardous effect on health, the only answer is the Ayurveda!

Allopathy has a great value in this era. It depends on certain established facts & principles. In Ayurveda, there are some presumed but established principles which may not be proved physically but may be established functionally. Current medical science may not trust these facts & may label it as mystical sciences.

Merits of Ayurveda


  • Free from side effects if used properly.
  • Non Ayurvedic medical therapies like allopathy have a limited role to treat the chronic illness but the Ayurveda has unique modes of curing the chronic ailments.
  • Ayurveda acclaims its best promotive and rejuvenative therapy with remarkable results to keep the people healthy.
  • Ayurveda may take the lead in curing chronic illnesses unlike other pathies which only treats them.
  • In present life people are fed up from the chemically oriented therapies and looking for the natural therapies to keep them healthy. In this regard, Ayurveda will be the good outcome.
  • Ayurvedic medicines used by the expert have no side effects but the other therapies have the side effects.
  • Ayurveda is directly or indirectly accepted by the whole world including W.H.O. That is the reason that some tactful people of all over the world are mushrooming and growing by mixing only a few of the principles of Ayurveda viz. Spa centres, message centre etc. No country is spared. But we the team of international ayurveda are providing the complete and genuine treatment of Ayurveda.